How to Use the Book

 

 

General

 

The book before you is the twelfth edition of Davenport’s Art Reference & Price Guide, the world’s leading guide to the art market.  For many, it is the first source consulted when beginning the process of determining whether the artist one has discovered may have produced a masterpiece or something more modest; a work of prominence or something less appreciated.  For this task, there is no better place to start than Davenport’s; with more than 240,000 entries, it clearly takes the pulse of the art world the way no other source can.  With information from Davenport’s as the guide, the reader is equipped to expand the search in directions thus indicated.

 

The Founding Editor imposed strict criteria for an artist to be listed in the book.  The artist must have sold at an auction that produces a catalogue and publishes results, or be included in selected major art reference books.  Both sources are a rich cache of detailed information on the artists, and by extracting and summarizing data from thousands of worldwide auction catalogues and art reference books, Davenport’s alphabetic compilation of more than 240,000 artists offers a wealth of data unparalleled anywhere.  For those who wish to delve deeper, Davenport’s has pinpointed the next step.

 

We apologize for the data that “wraps” from one column to the next, and from one page to the next.  Because of the sheer amount of data and our customers’ request for a one volume book, it was necessary to disregard the “widows & orphans”.  Dashes and small dots act as delimiters for the data fields.

 

 

Artist

 

Entries are grouped alphabetically by the artist's surname, with the artist’s first name, middle name, nicknames, etc., following the surname.

 

The life span dates, or “birth and death” dates, follow the name.  Information is given as is available, and in the case of Old Masters, there is often varying degrees of certainty as to the exact dates.  In some cases the century in which the artist worked is given, e.g. “18th Cent”.

 

Following the life span dates is the nationality, birthplace, or domicile of the artist.  If the artist lived and worked in the United States, the city and state are given. 

 

 

Subject Matter

 

An attempt has been made to list the major subjects upon which the artist concentrated in his/her lifetime.  The list is endless but includes such major categories as genre, portraits, and landscapes, in addition to more specialized areas like monkeys, eggs, etc.

 

 

Price Data

 

Davenport’s is the beginning point for pricing data, not the final arbiter.  It is intended to give the reader an idea as to the relative worth of an artist’s work, with further research almost always needed.  Say, for instance, the reader finds a sale price given of $100,000. Clearly the artist’s work is valuable, and much more research is indicated.  It doesn’t mean that every like kind work by the artist is worth $100,000.  By the same token, if the information gives prices around $100, this would seem to imply that the artist’s work is unlikely to be selling for $100,000.  The artwork in question, however, could be worth $5,000.   In the art world, as in so many other fields, pricing can be extremely subjective.

 

One of the editors’ current goals regarding pricing information is to give a representative price for each medium in which the artist worked.  Until the most recent edition, the price quoted was intended to be for a large-sized work of high quality for that particular artist (noted in inches).  Unfortunately this was sometimes misunderstood, so as entries are updated the emphasis now is on representative prices, with auction price ranges often used.

 

Other recent entries or updated entries occasionally have included median prices, which take into account that if an artist has sold a number of works in a particular year, and if the sales were sorted by price, the actual sale price that falls in the middle is perhaps more representative.  Note that this differs from an average, in that it is less influenced by atypical sales.

 

In a work listing over 240,000 artists, it would be impossible to update the pricing data in each entry each year and still offer the book at an affordable price.   The year in brackets at the end of most entries is intended to be the year that prices were updated for that artist (please see the following section entitled “Updating”).  While art prices tend generally upward, the value of many artists’ work varies little from year to year. Using the bracketed date as a chronological starting point, the reader may then choose to extrapolate the price of a work of art, factoring in what is known about the quality of the artist’s work, the condition, subject matter, and the significance of the piece of art that is being evaluated.

 

While we are constantly updating older pricing data, our readers have indicated that adding new artists is a top priority.   We do devote a considerable amount of time to the pricing updates, but since the older data is still very valuable in establishing the starting point for research, they would rather have that starting point for a wider range of artists.  We welcome your views on this matter.

 

If an artist is listed in one of the art reference books cited, but no actual price has been located, then a range of prices is often given (e.g. $300-600) based on the information available on the artist.  These prices should be treated with skepticism because of a lack of information.  We are updating these price approximations to auction records as quickly as we can.  Again, our readers indicate that they would prefer an educated guess as to the range in which the artist’s work would sell than to have no guideline at all.  Certainly, if the artist’s price range is say $500-1000, the work in question could sell for $200, or $2,000, or more.  We always recommend further research using tools such as the Art Sales Index database, which lists over 2,000,000 auction records.

 

In Davenport’s we have attempted to provide an example of most major art media, if at all practical. The data is arranged “left to right” for each artist: oil paintings first (no medium is specified), followed by watercolors, tempera, pastels, gouache, drawings, engravings, lithographs, photographs and sculptures.

 

The prices often are followed by actual auction house sales of that artist’s work.  This allows the user to refer to the catalogue in which an example of the artist’s work is included.  Please refer to the following section entitled “Auction House and Sale Date” for further information.

 

In some cases the subject matter is listed after the price (e.g. Portrait), indicating that the price given is for that particular subject matter. 

 

 

Auction House And Sale Date

 

A letter code is used to designate most of the auction houses cited in this volume.  This code is followed by one or more dates, which indicate the sale dates of that particular auction house which included a work of art by the named artist.  For certain older sales dating from the early 1980s, the auction houses’ sale number codes were used instead of the actual date of sale.  A list of these sale number codes appears in the back of this book under “Archival Sales, Sale Numbers, and Sale Dates.”

 

In some cases, primarily for European auction houses, the full auction house name is spelled out in the data section, instead of a code being used.  Alternatively, if faced with limited information, only the city or country of sale and the sale date, but not the auction house itself, is given.  Finally, for some European artists whose works sell extensively in one locale (like Paris and the Hotel Drouot) and are too numerous to list, the notation in the sales date area might refer to the city only, without a corresponding auction date.

 

The following are the auction house letter codes and the corresponding auction house.  Please note that the house names are given on the date of the corresponding sale.  The names may have changed or the house may no longer be in business.  For complete details on each auction house, including address, phone and fax number, email and web address, etc., please refer to the International Auction House Directory, published by Gordon’s Art Reference.  The codes are:


 


AB Stockholms Auktionsverk

AB

 

Agra

AGR

 

Alderfer Auction Co.

ALD

 

Allgauer Auktionshaus

ALL

 

Altermann & Morris

ALT

 

Amberes

AMB

 

Amersham Auction Rooms

AAR

 

Anaf

ANA

 

Anderson & Garland

AG

 

Andrew Hartley

AH

 

Ansorena

ANS

 

Antoine Ader

ANT

 

Arcoles

ARCO

Arno Winterberg

ARN

Arnold

ARND

Arthur James

ARJ

Artnet

ART

Auktionhaus Blank

ABL

Auktionhaus Zofingen

AZ

Auktion Burkard

BRK

Auktionhaus Georg Rehm

GR

Australian Art Auctions

AUS

Bairstow Eves

BAI

Bakker-Bocelli

BB

Barridoff Galleries

BAR

Bearnes

BEA

Beijers Auktioner

BJR

Bergman

BERG

Bernaerts

BER

Biddle & Webb

BW

Biders Auction Gallery

BID

Binoche Et Godeau

BIN

Blacke

BK

Blackwood/March

BLA

Blanchet & Joren-Derem

BJD

Blomqvist

BQ

Bob Lang Auctions

LAN

Bolland & Marotz

BM

Bonhams & Brooks

BHB

Bonham & James

BJ

Bonhams & Doyles

BD

Bonhams London

BON

Bonhams, West Country

BWC

Braswell Galleries

BRA

Bristol Auction Rooms

BRI

Bruce Collins Fine Art

COL

Brunk Auction Service

BRU

Bukowskis

BUK

Bukowski & Horhammer, Helsinki

BHH

Burcher Galleries

BG

Butterfields

BF

C.G. Sloan

SL

C.M. Russell Museum

RUS

Caddigan Auctions

CAD

Calmels

CAL

Camden Auctioneers

CAM

Cameron Trading Post

CAMA

Campo

CAMP

Capes Dunn

CD

Carl Nordblom

NORD

Carl Stinson

STI

Castellana

CAS

Catherin Charbonneaux

CC

Chamberlin's Auction

CHAM

Charles Guarino

GUA

Charlton Hall

CHAR

Chaussin, Bremens & Guillamot

CBG

Cheffins, Grain & Comins

CGC

Chenu & Scrive

CS

Chicago Art Galleries Inc.

CHI

Christie's East, New York

CRE

Christie's, Amsterdam

CA

Christie's, Australia

CRA

Christie's, Glasgow

CG

Christie's, London

CRL

Christie's, Los Angeles

CRX

Christie's, New York

CR

Christie's, Rome

CRR

Christie's, South Kensington

CRS

Clark Cierlak

CIE

Claude Boisgirard

BOI

Clearing House Auction

CLH

Cleveland House Auction

CLE

Coeur d'Alene

CDA

Concord Auction Studio

CON

Cornette De St. Cyr

CSC

Couturier & Nicolay

COU

Crafoord

CRF

Cross Gate Galeries

CGG

Dan May Auction

MAY

Dargate Auction Galleries

DAR

David Dike

DD

David Lay

DL

Dawson Auctions

DAW

Deauville

DEA

Dee Atkins & Harrison

DEE

Delvaux

DEL

Demond Judd

DJ

Deutsch & Keil

DK

Deutscher-Menzies

DM

Dobiaschofsky

DOB

Don Treadway

TR

Dorling

DORL

Dorotheum

DOR

Douglas Auctioneers

DOU

Doyle

DOY

Dreweatt Neate

DN

Drouot Estimations

DRO

Duane Merrill Auction

MER

DuMouchelles Auctions

DU

Dumousset-Deburaux

DDB

Dunbar Sloan

DS

Dunning's Auction Service

DUN

Duran

DUR

Dusseldorfer Auktionshaus

DA

Empire Auctions

EA

Eldred's

ELD

Engstroms

ENG

Eric Pillon

EP

Ewolf's

EWO

Falkkloos

FAL

Farsetti

FAR

Feletin

FEL

Ferri

FER

Finarte,Milan

FIN

Foure-Lebrot & Bignon

FLB

Francis Briest

FB

Frank H. Boos Gallery

BOO

Frank Kaminski Co

KAM

Freeman Fine Art

FA

Galerie Bassenge

BAS

Galerie Du Rhone

RHO

Galerie Fischer

FIS

Galerie Glogger

GG

Galerie Koller

KOL

Galerie Kornfield

KORN

Galerie Stuker

ST

Garth's Auction Inc.

GAR

Gary Guyette

GUY

Gatsby Auctions

GAT

Gauthier

GAU

Germann

GER

Giles Haywood

GH

Gioffredo

GIO

Glerum

GLE

Goteborgs Auktionsverk

GOT

Goldberg Auction Galleries

GOL

Gomensoro

GO

Graves, Son & Pilcher

GSP

Grogan & Co.

GRO

Gross & Delettrez

GD

Gustave White

WHI

Guy Loudmer

GL

Habsburg Feldman

HAB

Hagelstam

HAG

Hall's

HAL

Hamptons

HAM

Hans Stahl

HS

Hans Widmer

HW

Hanzel Galleries

HAN

Harris Auction Galler

HARR

Harrogate

HG

Hart Galleries

HAR

Harvey Clar

HC

Hatelstam

HAT

Hauswedell & Nolte

HN

Hesse Auction Gallery

HES

Hamilton Osborne King

HOK

Hindman Galleries

HIND

Hoebanx

HOE

Horhammer

HRM

Hotel De Ventes Horta

HVH

Hotel Des Ventes Mosen

HDVM

Hotel De Ventes Vanderkindere

HDV

Howard Lowery Galler

LOW

Hudson River Museum

HRM

Hugo Ruef

HR

Illustration House

ILL

Ingo Schonpflug

ING

International Art Center

IAC

J.W. Paul Auction Co.

PAU

Jackson's Auction Gallery

JAC

James Adam

JA

James Bakker

JB

James Cox Gallery

COX

James D. Julia

JUL

James Gallery

JAM

James R. Bakker

BAK

James Thompson

JT

Jean Louis Picard

PIC

Jeffrey Burchard

BUR

William Jenack

JEN

John Moran

MOR

John Nicholson

JNI

John Ross & Co.

JR

Jonquet

JON

Kenneth Van Blarcom

VAN

Ketterer Kunst

KET

Keys

KEY

Klinger & Co.

KLI

Kohn

KOHN

Konig

KON

Kunstgalerij De Vuyst

KDV

Kunsthallen

KUN

Lahabana

LAH

Lane

LAN

Lauren Guilleux Buffetaud Tailleur

LGBT

Lawrences

LAW

Lempertz

LEM

Lenormand

LEN

Leonard Joel

LJ

Leslie Hindman Auctions

HIN

Libert Castor

LC

Lincoln Galleries

LIN

Litchfield Auction Gallery

LIT

Lombrail & Teucquam

LOM

Louis Morton

LM

Louisiana Auction Exch

LA

Lubin Galleries

LUB

Lyon & Turnbull

LT

Mallams

MAL

Mapes Auction

MAP

Martin & Chausselat

MC

Martino & Savignat

MAR

Matz & Pribell Auction

mat

Maynard

MAY

Mealy's

MEA

Meeting Art

MA

Mercier & Cier

MERC

Merlinot & Savignat

MS

Metropolitan Pavilion

MET

Michael Zeller

ZEL

Millon & Assoc.

MIL

Milton & Robert

MR

G. Moderne

MOD

Montgomery Gallery

MON

Morelle & Marchandet

MM

Morgan Evans

ME

Morphets

MP

Morris & Whiteside

MW

Museum Of NW Art

NWA

Museumsbyningen

MBG

Myers Auction

MYE

Mystic Fine Arts

MYS

Nadeau's Auction

NAD

Nader's Auctioneers

NADA

Dr. Fritz Nagel

FN

Naon & Cia

NAO

Neal Auction

NEA

Neales

NEL

Nelleman & Thomsen

NT

Neuilly St. James

NLY

Neumeister's

NEU

New Hampshire Book

NH

New Orleans Auction

NEW

Nordan

NODN

Northeast Auction

NOR

Nutmeg Auction

NUT

O'Gallerie Auctioneers

OGA

Oliver's Auction

OLI

Pacific Book Auction

PAC

Palais De Beaux Arts

PAL

Pandolfini

PAN

Paterson's

PAT

Peace,UK

PEA

Pennypacker-Andrews

PEN

Perot

PERO

Perrin

PER

Pescheteau

PES

Pescheteau-Badin Godeau & Leroy

PBGL

Peter Francis

PF

Peter Karbstein

KARB

Peter Webb

PW

Phillip Schuler

PS

Phillip's London

PHL

Phillip's New York

PH

Phillip's Oxford

PHO

Phillip's St. Louis

PHM

Piasa

PIA

Picard & Tajan

PT

Pinneys

PIN

Pomez & Boisseau

PB

Pook & Pook, Inc.

POO

Poster Auction

POS

Poulain & Le Fur

POU

 

Provincetown Art Association

PRO

Prunier

PRU

Rafael Osuna

OSO

Rasmussen

RAS

Remi Adler

REMI

Riba Auction

RIB

Ribeyere

RBR

Richard Bourne Co.

BOR

Richard Opfer

RO

Rieber Auktionhaus

RIE

Ritchie's

RIC

Robert Clinton

CLI

Robert Eldred Co.

ELD

Robert W. Skinner

SK

Robin & Fattori

RF

Rogeon

ROG

Rose Hill Auction

ROS

Rosebery Fine Art

RFA

Royal York Auction Gallery

ROY

Runfeldts

RUN

Russell, Baldwin & Bright

RBB

Rusterholtz

RUS

Saint Hippolyte

SH

San Rafael Auction

SR

Sanders & Mock Associates

SAN

Santa Fe Auction

SF

Schloss Alden

SCA

Schrager Auction Gallery

SCH

Selkirk Galleries

SEL

Semenzaro

SEM

Shannon's

SHA

Sharon Boccelli & Co.

BOC

Shute Auction

SHU

Siboni

SIB

Sloan, North Bethesda

SLN

Slotin Folk Art

SLT

Sothebys, Amersterdam

SAM


Sothebys, Melbourne

SME

Sothebys, Toronto

STO

 

Sotheby's Arcade

SPA

Sotheby's Billinghurst

SPS

Sotheby's London

SPL

Sotheby's Milan

SM

Sotheby's New York

SPB

South Bay

SB

Stalker Gallery

STA

Subastas Odalys

SUB

Superior Galleries

SUP

Susanins

SUS

Swann Galleries

SWA

Tajan

TAJ

Taylon

TAY

Taylor & Fletcher

TF

Temple Auction

TE

Tennants

TN

Thierry & Lannon

TL

Thomas Adams

TA

Thomas Love & Sons

TLS

Treadway Galleries

TRD

Treadway Toomey

TT

Van Ham

VH

RJ Venator & Hansten

VEN

Ventu Notarishuis

VN

Verbo

VRBO

Villa Grisebach

VG

Waddingtons

WAD

Waverly Auctions

WAV

Weidler

WED

Weiner

WEI

Weschler's

WES

Wiener Kunst Auktionen

WKA

William Doyle Galleries

DOY

Willows Gallery

WIL

Winter Assoc.

WIN

Wolf's Auction

WOL

Wright

WRI

Young Fine Arts

YNG


Yves De Cagny

YDC

Ziemann

ZIE


 

References Cited

 

Artists were selected from a variety of sources, including the following major art reference titles: Bermans, Cummings, Dawdy, Fieldings, Havlice, Hughes, Mallett, Moure, Samuels, and Who Was Who.  A more complete list, along with the abbreviations used in the data section, is cited in the bibliography in the back matter of this volume.

 

The size of the individual artist’s write-up in these reference books is noted in a range of “1-5”, as follows: (1) = 1-3 lines; (2) = 4-8 lines; (3) = 9-15 lines; (4) = 16-25 lines; (5) = 26 or more lines. 

 

If an image of the artist is included in the reference work, this is noted in the data section by the initial (P), for “picture,” within the parentheses listing the size of the write-up, e.g. (3,P).

 

 

Signature  Information

 

Signature data given in the book is as the artist actually signed the artwork.  See also, in the back matter of this volume, a list of initials some artists used in signing their work.

 

 

Updating

 

The year in brackets at the end of most entries is intended to be the year that prices were updated for each artist.  This has varied over the years from the “auction year” to the calendar year.  If there is no year given in brackets, then two possible explanations exist.  Either the last updating would have been prior to 1988, as that was the year the dating in brackets was first used, or in the case of artists recently added, a thorough search of auction records has not yet been made.   We have therefore refrained from sealing the entry with a date, as that would lend inappropriate authority to the price range.

 

 

Comments

 

General and specific comments regarding the artist, the school with which he or she was associated, where or with whom he studied, relatives who were also artists, etc., are noted to help the reader more fully understand the artist’s work.

 

 

For  Help  or  Further  Information

 

Please feel free to call our offices for assistance or with your kind suggestions.  Our Internet site at www.gordonsart.com is newly designed and brimming with updated information, including how to access our databases.  You may send us e-mail at info@gordonsart.com, or speak to us in person at 1-602-253-6948.  Our order line is 1-602-253-6948.  We would be happy to spend as much time as you need to help you use this book and the Gordon’s website as efficiently and profitably as possible.

 

Sample Entry Explained

 

 

 

Hansen Armin Carl N.A.  1886-1957 • Monterey, CA • Genre, Portraits, Desert, Europe, Boats, Fishermen, Marines, Coast $63,000 26x38 to $423,750 36x48 • $7475 med 12 X 18 WC •UK 99• SPB 11/28/01, CR 10/16/87, 1/12/95, 5/17/95, BF 2087, CRL 5/18/90, 7/20/90, Rotterdam 3/24/92, • Armin C. Hansen’16 • Mallett(1), Fleischer(5,P) • Impressionist, Painter, Etcher, Son & Pupil of Herman W, Plein Air Painter, Lived in Europe • [2002] 

 

 

 

Hansen Armin Carl                                                 Artist’s last name, first name

N.A.                                                                            National Academician or Full Member of the National Academy of Design

1886-1957                                                                   Life span dates

Monterey, CA                                                           Nationality/birthplace/locale

Genre, Portraits, Fishermen, Marines                   Subject matter for which artist is known

$63,000 26x38 to $423,750 36x48                             Representative prices for oils, in inches

$7475 med 12 X 18 WC                                            Median price for watercolor, in inches

UK 99SPB 11/28/01, CR 10/16/87                   Auction house or place, dates of sales

Mallett(1), Fleischer(5,P)                                         Reference books, size of write-ups, artist picture

Armin C. Hansen’16, A.C. Hansen                        Signature information

Impressionist, Painter, Son & Pupil                      Comments, including schools, teachers,

of Herman W , Lived in Europe                            artist relatives, common media, etc.

[2002]                                                                          Date of latest update

 

 

 

A Further Explanation of Each Category Above is Found in the

How To Use the Book Section.

 

The example above is a composite of several entries.